Original Articles

Predictors of HIV prevention knowledge and sexual behaviors among students at Makerere University Kampala, Uganda


Abstract


Background: Prior reviews argued that unsafe sexual behaviors and poor HIV knowledge significantly lead to high HIV infections. This study set out to assess the predictors of HIV knowledge and unsafe sex behaviors among university students in Uganda.

Methods: This study utilized a quantitative cross-sectional survey design. Independent two sample t-test and one-way ANOVA were used to compare mean knowledge score across study groups. Chi-square and Fisher’s tests of association were also conducted.  

Results: The study reports results of 1337 respondents. The mean age of the respondents was 12.2 SD (1.6) and more than half of the respondents 700(52.4%) were males. The average knowledge score of students was 12.4SD (2.8) and over half of students (69%) scored 50% and above. Males scored higher than females (12.9 vs. 12.0), and older students scored higher than younger students (12.7 vs. 12.3). Socio-demographics year of study, sponsorship, and residence at the campus were also significantly related to HIV prevention knowledge. Ever had sex, condom use, knowledge of HIV status were significantly related with knowledge on HIV prevention. Older students were more likely to have ever had sex compared to their counter parts (31.4% vs. 17.3%), and males were more likely to have ever had sex than females (31.7% vs. 12.7%).

Conclusion: Our findings shown that university students possessed a fairly good knowledge on HIV. The study also provided evidence of an association between student’s knowledge and sexual behaviors. There’s a need to investigate HIV program level needs and preferences of college students.

 

 




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2427/12547

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EBPH Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health | ISSN 2282-0930

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.