Biostatistics

Longitudinal Joint Modelling of Binary and Continuous Outcomes: A Comparison of Bridge and Normal Distributions


Abstract


Background: Longitudinal joint models consider the variation caused by repeated measurements over time as well as the association among the response variables. In the case of combining binary and continuous response variables using generalized linear mixed models, integrating over a normally distributed random intercept in the binary logistic regression sub-model does not yield to a closed form. In this paper, we assessed the impact of assuming a Bridge distribution for the random intercept in the binary logistic regression submodel and compared the results to that of normal distribution.

 Method: The response variables are combined through correlated random intercepts. The random intercept in the continuous outcome submodel follows a normal distribution. The random intercept in the binary outcome submodel follows a normal or Bridge distribution. The estimations were carried out using a likelihood-based approach in direct and conditional joint modeling approaches. To illustrate the performance of the models, a simulation study was conducted

Results: Based on the simulation results and regardless of the joint modeling approach, the models with a Bridge distribution for the random intercept of the binary outcome resulted in a slightly more accurate estimations and better performance.

Conclusion: In addition to the fact that assuming a bridge distribution for the random intercept in binary logistic regression yields to the same interpretation of parameter estimates in marginal and conditional forms, our study revealed that even if the random intercept of binary logistic regression is normally distributed, assuming a Bridge distribution in the model will result in more accurate results. 


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.2427/12755

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Copyright (c) 2013 Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health

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EBPH Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health | ISSN 2282-0930

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.