Original Articles

An observational study on the effects of early and late risk factors on the development of childhood obesity in the South of Italy


Abstract


Background: Child obesity is today one of the great health emergencies on such a large scale as to be considered a global epidemic by the WHO and, unfortunately, Italy holds the worst European record.

Methods: We conduct an observational study to investigated the effects of early and late risk factors on the development of primary childhood obesity .We detected anthropometric parameters ,information  about early risk markers and late risk factors and hematochemical tests in a sample of 280 children from March 2016 to December 2017.

Results: We assesses statistically significant associations between: the child's BMI and education level of mother (p<0.001) and the father (p<0.05);level of parents' education and  qualitative variables(subjects’ physical activity level(p < 0.05),  consumption of carbonated beverages ( p <0.05) or fruit juices (p <0.05),  consumption of snacks (p <0.05); BMI and the presence or absence of a family history of obesity, DM and cardiovascular diseases. A significant linear correlation was found between weight class (overweight/obese) and the consumption of carbonated drinks (p <0.05), snack consumption(p <0.05), physical activity levels (p <0.001), duration of sleep in the afternoon ( p<0.05).

Conclusion: The data collected in our study showed the adoption of incorrect eating habits, unfortunately often related to the poor level of parents’ education and inadequate food choices. This is alarming since excess weight leads to a series of serious medical problems in children and adolescents which are destined to continue even into adulthood.

Background: Child obesity is today one of the great health emergencies on such a large scale as to be considered a global epidemic by the WHO and, unfortunately, Italy holds the worst European record.

Methods: We conduct an observational study to investigated the effects of early and late risk factors on the development of primary childhood obesity .We detected anthropometric parameters ,information  about early risk markers and late risk factors and hematochemical tests in a sample of 280 children from March 2016 to December 2017.

Results: We assesses statistically significant associations between: the child's BMI and education level of mother (p<0.001) and the father (p<0.05);level of parents' education and  qualitative variables(subjects’ physical activity level(p < 0.05),  consumption of carbonated beverages ( p <0.05) or fruit juices (p <0.05),  consumption of snacks (p <0.05); BMI and the presence or absence of a family history of obesity, DM and cardiovascular diseases. A significant linear correlation was found between weight class (overweight/obese) and the consumption of carbonated drinks (p <0.05), snack consumption(p <0.05), physical activity levels (p <0.001), duration of sleep in the afternoon ( p<0.05).

Conclusion: The data collected in our study showed the adoption of incorrect eating habits, unfortunately often related to the poor level of parents’ education and inadequate food choices. This is alarming since excess weight leads to a series of serious medical problems in children and adolescents which are destined to continue even into adulthood.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.2427/12902

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EBPH Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health | ISSN 2282-0930

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.