Original Articles

Relationship between health, lifestyle, psychosocial factors and academic performance: a cross-sectional study at the University of Salerno


Background: The relationship between health indicators and quality of life is important in clinical decisions and health policy making, and the quality of life perspective is a strong stimulus for an individual's decisions and preferences. University students constitute a large part of the country's young population; thus, promoting a healthy lifestyle is of crucial importance for this group. Fifty-three percent of mortality causes are associated with an individual’s lifestyle. Obviously, with no modification in lifestyle, there will be irreparable consequences in the future. The aim of the present study was to investigate promoting a healthy lifestyle and its relationship with the ability or difficulty to complete the study cycle on time in undergraduate students at the University of Salerno.

Methods: A peer-reviewed and grey literature review of the quality of life in undergraduate students was conducted through a narrative search of MEDLINE and the website of the major European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies. The search was restricted to papers published in English, German and Italian. Data collection was conducted through a six-section questionnaire. All data were analysed with STATA.

Results: A total of 519 students formed the sample. In total, 71.88% (SD = 0.45) of students were out of course, and 48.17% (SD = 0.50) claimed to have blocks in their studies; Student's t-test denoted a highly significant correlation with P = 0.0001 (= 0.05). The status of blocked students’ health promotion behaviours was significantly more favourable than that of the regular students. General health perception of the regular students yielded worse results than that of the blocked students. Anxiety and depression were greater in regular students than blocked students. There was a statistically significant relationship between global quality of life and blocked/regular students.

Conclusions: We hypothesized that there was a relationship between health, lifestyle, psychosocial factors and academic performance, with a significant difference between blocked and regular students. The results from the present study support our hypothesis. The significant data showed that students with blocked schedules enjoyed better health and lifestyles than regular students. Their resilient attitudes emerged from the ability to overcome difficult situations as well as an attitude of arrogance despite being aware of the ability to study successfully. Blocked studies were most likely a result of low self-esteem.

Keywords: university life, lifestyle, health, psychosocial factors, academic performance.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.2427/12938


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EBPH Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health | ISSN 2282-0930

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.