Original Articles

Parents Knowledge, attitude and practice of antibiotic use for upper respiratory tract infections in children: a cross-sectional study in Ras Al khaimah, United Arab Emirates


Abstract


Abstract:

Background: Upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) are common in children and represent a significant cause of antibiotic abuse. Parents’ knowledge and attitudes often contribute to inappropriate prescription of antibiotics and promoting antibiotics resistance. The study aimed to explore parental knowledge, attitudes and practices towards antibiotic use in children with URTI and to identify the reasons behind self-medication and abuse of antibiotics

Methods A cross sectional survey was conducted at outpatient clinics of Ras Al Khaimah Saqr Hospital. A structured interview questionnaire was used to collect data from 239 parents of children aged less than7 years, from February to March 2016

Results More than half (54.4%) of the respondents had a poor level of knowledge. About (66.1%) were not aware that antibiotics are indicated to treat bacterial infection. However, 67.2 % of the respondents incorrectly identified that antibiotics are used to treat viral infections. Nearly 44.5 % of the respondents were aware of antibiotic resistance in relation to its overuse. With regard to attitude, 68.2% of the respondents believed that they would be satisfied if physician did not prescribe antibiotics for common cold. Yet, 63% would request it if physician did not prescribe for frequent URTIs. Nearly 43.5% of respondents gave self-medication to their children mostly because of repeated similar attack and over the counter acquisition of antibiotics. Most (82.2%) of them declared that, physician did not provide sufficient information regarding diagnosis and therapy

Conclusion Educational programs are needed to raise awareness and correct expectations about judicious use of antibiotics

 

Key words: antibiotic misuse, knowledge, attitude, behavior, Ras al Khaimah

 

 

 




DOI: https://doi.org/10.2427/12969

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EBPH Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health | ISSN 2282-0930

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.