Original Articles

Demographic and Regional Trends of Smoking among Thai Females from 1986 to 2013


Abstract


Purpose; Knowledge and awareness are the main determinants for the prevention and control of smoking in the world. Therefore, this study aims to identify the prevalence and demographic trends of smoking among Thai females in Thailand.

Method; The study was employed the secondary data from Smoking Behavior Survey of Thai female in Thailand from 1986 to 2013. Multiple logistic regression model was used to identify the prevalence, trends, and patterns of Thai female smoking. 

Results; A substantial difference in female smoking prevalence by areas (Rural and Urban), with a much higher proportion of smoking, was found in rural areas (36.6%) than the urban (25.8%). Likewise, trends of smoking were gradually decreased by years (1986 to 2013), in contrast, in the latest (2013) the rate of smoking was found quite higher (3.4%). By the age group, the maximum of the smokers started their smoking behavior from 40 years of age.

Conclusion; Trend of smoking has decreased over the years among Thai female in both rural and urban areas. However, patterns of smoking among the female has found as fluctuating. Smoking-related programs should be strongly associated with cessation of smoking among Thai female and need to be strengthened.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.2427/13072

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EBPH Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health | ISSN 2282-0930

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.