Original Articles

CD4 Count Progression of Adult HIV Patients Under Art Follow Up At Mekelle General Hospital, Tigray Region: A Longitudinal Data Analysis Approach


Abstract


Background: The number of people receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in low- and middle-income countries continues to show encouraging growth, indicating that the global effort to scale up HIV treatment has exceeded 15 million people by the end of 2015. 

Methods: A retrospective cohort study, comprising of the quantitative method of data collection was conducted among randomly selected 210 adult ART users enrolled in the first 6 months of 2011 and followed up to mid-2016 which is a five year follow up. Data were analyzed using a linear mixed model to identify the determinant factors, which importantly incorporates the effect of factors over time. 

Results: Ninety-five (45%) were males and 115 (55%) were females. Composition of patients’ WHO clinical stage were; stage I (25 (11.8%)), stage II (30 (14.2%)), stage III (102 (48.8%)), and stage IV (52 (24.6%)). The mean CD4+ count at baseline was 218 cells. The progression of CD4+ count for males is lower than that of female over time (coef. =-0.0779, p-value=0.0062). There was a direct relationship between time in month and CD4+ count progression i.e., the CD4+ count progression of the adult HIV patients was increasing during the subsequent number of times measured or followed up under the ART clinic (coef. = 0.0435, p-value=0.0000). Patients with WHO stage II (coef. = -0.0982, p-value=0.0109) , stage III (coef. = -0.0884, p-value = 0.0010) and stage IV (coef. = 0.0859, p-value = 0.0095) had lower CD4+ count than the reference category WHO clinical stage I over time. 

Conclusion: In conclusion, we found that the WHO clinical stage, Time, Weight, Gender and the Interaction effects of Weight with Time were significantly associated with the progression of CD4+ counts over time. 


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.2427/13234

NBN: http://nbn.depositolegale.it/urn%3Anbn%3Ait%3Aprex-25739

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EBPH Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health | ISSN 2282-0930

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.